Geothermal
System Modelling
Report Submitted
by Group Fuji
Basic Model
1.0 Introduction
The Basic Model parameters (basicmodel.in) was used to
calculate the transient behaviour of the hydrotherm system up to 100,000 years.
Team Fuji analysed the calculation results in the numerical model by changing
one of the parameters in the initial model and run
the simulation using HYDOTHERM. In this case,
the team changed the size of the heat source while keeping the other parameters
constant in the model. The calculation results were run at
20000,40000,60000,80000 and 100000 years.
The physical modes of each scenario are demonstrated in the
following model diagrams (Fig. 15) below. Heat Source is shown at the centre
at 4km x 4km x 2km for the basic model which is represented in red cubical color.
The size of the heat source is decreased by 3km x 3km x 2km and then increased
to 6km x 6km x 2km in that order. Two
different input file with the different sizes in X and Y direction (heat source dimensions only) were run
using Jupiter postprocessor (Hydrotherm
program). After the simulation in the series of years mentioned above, temperature
and flow variation were used to explain the trends in cooling rate of the heat
source and temperature variation with time, corresponding analysis is
illustrated in the discussion section.

Fig. 1 Heat source at the deeper layer
of the model (2km
thick) 

Fig. 2 Section View of the initial
model 

Fig. 3 Overview of the initial block model 

Fig.
4 Section view of the block model when heat source decreased to 3km x 3km 

Fig. 5 Sectional view of the block model when increasing
the
size of the heat source by 6km x 6km 
Note:
everything else is kept constant except the size of heat source changed for the
next two models.
2.0 Discussion
1.1 Heat source
The trend of the cooling
equations (below) illustrate the differences in the thickness of the heat
sources. Therefore, the larger the areal extent of the heat source is inverse
proportional to the cooling rate. The bigger the heat source, the longer it takes to for
it to cool down.

Figure 6: Cooling rate of the heat source 
The cooling equations for the model with 3kmx3kmx2km,
4kmx4kmx2km and 6kmx6kmx2km heat sources are shown below:
respectively.
1.2 Rate of cooling of
the reservoir
The
graph below portrays the cooling rate of the reservoir, approximately 1km above
the heat source where the convective heat transfer currents are mostly
upwelling.

Figure 7: Cooling rate of the reservoir 
The
reservoir cooling curves in Fig.7 above have near  similar trend except for
the model with 6kmx6kmx2km heat source which has a kink upwelling at 40,000
years.
1.3 Interstitial steam
and water flow
1.3.1
3kmx3kmx2km heat source model
At
20,000years, the hot water rises from the center of the model and travels
upward towards the surface as interstitial water moves slowly to recharge the
reservoir. At 40,000 years, the rising hot water together with the conduction
heat transfer heats a larger area above the magma thus expanding the reservoir
area (region in which hot water rises upward).
From 60,000 to 100,000 years, the model cools to below 200°C and
convective currents carrying hot water upward weakens over time.

Figure 8: Simulation of 3km x 3km x 2km heat source after
20000 years. 
1.3.2
6kmx6kmx2km heat source model
At
20,000years, we have two convective upflow regions which may form two
reservoirs about 1km on either side of the center of the model (approx. 9000m
and 11000m from LHS of the model).
At 40,000yrs, the two
reservoirs merge into one as the heat source cools with convective currents weakening
as the model ages all the way to 100,000years.

Figure 10: Simulation of 6km x 6km x 2km heat source after
40000 years. 
3.0 Conclusion
In
this study, only the heat source dimensions were varied without any change in
other parameters. The results were then
evaluated and discussed using that assumption.
The
areal extent of the heat sources directly influences the convective flow of
fluids and temperature. However, transient temperature evaluation indicates
that the rate of cooling of the heat source is inversely proportional to the
size of the heat source. The larger size (6km x 6km x 2km) of the heat source allows
for a longer period of hightemperature fluid convection.
Source: Groupwork Hydrotherm Basic Model Assignment Report 
Contributions to Group Fuji:
Islomove SunnatulloRock Engineering, Koskey Philemon Kiprotich Geothermics, Gilbert Bett KipngetichGeothermics, Gutierrez Donaire Kevin Yamil  Geothermics, Haissama Osmanali  Geothermics, Kuri Las  Rock Engineering, Lim PagnaEconomic Geology, Mwangi Samuel Muraguri Geothermics, Ngethe JohnEnergy Resources, Omondi Philip OmolloGeothermics, Samod Yuossouf Hassan  Economic Geology



Figure 12 : 3X3 Heat source Figure 11: 6X6 Heat source
